Complex Hydrides Li2MH5 (M = B, Al) for Hydrogen Storage Application: Theoretical Study of Structure, Vibrational Spectra and Thermodynamic Properties
Tsere, Melkizedeck Hiiti
Pogrebnaya, Tatiana P.
Pogrebnoi, Alexander M.
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Gaseous lithium complex hydrides Li2MH5 (M = B, Al) have been studied using DFT/B3P86 and MP2 methods with 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. High content of hydrogen by these materials accord them with good candidacy as a class of hydrogen storage materials. The optimized geometrical parameters, vibrational spectra and thermodynamic properties of the hydrides and the subunits LiH, Li2H+, Li2H2, MH3, MH4−, and LiMH4 have been determined. For the LiBH4 the equilibrium configuration was tridentate of C3v symmetry. For LiAlH4 two isomeric forms, bidentate (C2v) and tridentate (C3v), were confirmed to exist, and C2v isomer was shown to dominate in saturated vapor. For complex hydrides Li2MH5, different structural forms were considered but only one asymmetric form (C1) appeared to be equilibrium. Several possible channels of dissociation of Li2MH5 were considered; the enthalpies and Gibbs free energies of the reactions were computed. The enthalpies of formation ∆fH(0) of the complex hydrides in gaseous phase were determined: 60 ± 10 kJmol1 (Li2BH5) and 33 ± 10 kJmol1 (Li2AlH5). Heterophase decomposition of the gaseous Li2MH5 with solid products LiH and B/Al and hydrogen gas release was shown to be spontaneous at ambient temperature. Production of hydrogen gas via gaseous decomposition is highly endothermic and achievable at elevated temperatures. The complexes Li2MH5 are therefore proposed to be useful hydrogen storage materials under appropriate conditions.