Effect of seasonality and light levels on seed germination of the invasive tree Maesopsis eminii in Amani Nature Forest Reserve, Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Mwendwa, Beatus A.
dc.contributor.author Kilawe, Charles J.
dc.contributor.author Treydte, Anna C.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-28T06:51:51Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-28T06:51:51Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2019.e00807
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.nm-aist.ac.tz/handle/123456789/580
dc.description This research article published by Elsevier B.V. en_US
dc.description.abstract Studies on germination behavior are important tools for understanding how environmental factors affect geographic distribution and colonization of invasive plants. Particularly seedlings of invasive plant species benefit from high light intensity, as often found in disturbed areas of low canopy cover. We investigated the effect of various shade levels on seed germination and early growth of the invasive tree Maesopsis eminii at the nursery of a biodiversity hotspot, the Amani Nature Forest Reserve, Tanzania. Shade houses provided forest-like sun flecks of four categories (0%, 50%, 65% and 85% shade), representing light regimes found in tropical natural forests throughout the entire growing season. The average germination rate across the four different shade levels differed significantly during the dry season (F3,12 = 48.74, P < 0.001) but not in the wet season (F3,12 = 3.49, P = 0.051). Final germination percentage at 0% shade was 1.5 times higher compared to that under 85% shade during the wet season. In both dry and wet seasons, stem diameter, shoot height, total fresh and dry biomass significantly decreased with an increase in shade levels. During the dry season, leaf chlorophyll contents were three times higher at 85% and 65% shade than at 0% shade. Both seasonality and shade levels as well as their interactions influenced most germination parameters but not growth parameters except stem diameter. The conclude that M. eminii seed germination is fostered by light as it prefers colonizing in forest gaps, and lower light levels might act as a barrier to its invasive capacity, particularly during the dry season. Hence, management strategies of M. eminii should include the provision of unfavorable light regimes and take seasonality into account. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier B.V. en_US
dc.subject Biodiversity hotspot en_US
dc.subject Tree seedling en_US
dc.subject Forest gaps en_US
dc.title Effect of seasonality and light levels on seed germination of the invasive tree Maesopsis eminii in Amani Nature Forest Reserve, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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