Cardiovascular diseases in Tanzania: The burden of modifiable and intermediate risk factors

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dc.contributor.author Roman, Wilfrida P.
dc.contributor.author Martin, Haikael
dc.contributor.author Sauli, Elingarami
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-21T07:13:33Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-21T07:13:33Z
dc.date.issued 2019-08-27
dc.identifier.uri doi: 10.21037/jxym.2019.07.03
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.nm-aist.ac.tz/handle/123456789/571
dc.description This research article published by AME Publishing Company, 2019 en_US
dc.description.abstract Abstract: Tanzania, like other developing countries, is facing a higher burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The country is experiencing rapid growth of modifiable and intermediate risk factors that accelerate CVD mortality and morbidity rates. In rural and urban settings, cardiovascular risk factors such as tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, overweight, and obesity, are documented to be higher in this review. Increased urbanization, lifestyle changes, lack of awareness and rural to urban movement have been found to increase CVD risk factors in Tanzania. Despite the identification of modifiable risk factors for CVDs, there is still limited information on physical inactivity and eating habits among Tanzanian population that needs to be addressed. Conclusively, primary prevention, improved healthcare system, which include affordable health services, availability of trained health care providers, improved screening and diagnostic equipment, adequate guidelines, and essential drugs for CVDs are the key actions that need to be implemented for cost effective control and management of CVDs. Effective policy for control and management of CVDs should also properly be employed to ensure fruitful implementation of different interventions en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher AME Publishing Company en_US
dc.subject Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) en_US
dc.subject Overweight and obesity en_US
dc.title Cardiovascular diseases in Tanzania: The burden of modifiable and intermediate risk factors en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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