Physio-chemical properties of five cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale L.) varieties grown in different regions of Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Msoka, Regina
dc.contributor.author Kassim, Neema
dc.contributor.author Makule, Edna E.
dc.contributor.author Masawe, Peter
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-24T05:17:38Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-24T05:17:38Z
dc.date.issued 2017-11-30
dc.identifier.issn 2222-5234
dc.identifier.uri DOI: 10.12692/ijb/11.5.386-395
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.nm-aist.ac.tz/handle/123456789/183
dc.description Research Article published by International Journal of Biosciences Vol. 11, No. 5, 2017 en_US
dc.description.abstract Cashew apple fruits are deserted by majority of cashew nuts producers despite of being rich in useful nutrients namely vitamins, minerals and sugar. This study was carried out to determine the physical-chemical properties of five cashew apple varieties from Mtwara and Lindi regions in south-eastern part and Coast region in eastern part of Tanzania. Cashew apple varieties named B.D, AC4, AC10, AZA2 and AZA17 were selected and analysed for vitamin C, carotenoids, total sugar, total phenolic content (TPC), minerals, pH, total soluble solids (TSS) and total titratable acidity (TTA) using standard methods and procedures. Significant different (p <0.05) was observed in vitamin C, total sugar, TPC, TSS and TTA between the five varieties and sites with the content ranging from; Vitamin C (253.09-348.54mg/100ml), total sugar (88700–219400mg/L), TPC (1066.55 – 2886.67 mg/L GAE), TSS (14.94 - 20.36 °Brix) and TTA (0.18% - 0.72%). Other parameters, pH and carotenoids differed significantly between varieties (p < 0.001) but there was no significant different observed between sites with content ranging from; carotenoids (5.51-12.74mg/L), pH (3.87-5.09). Minerals (Ca2+, K+, Mg2+, Na+, P3˗ , Fe2+, Zn2+ and Cu2+) content differed significantly between varieties and sites (p <0.05), except for Calcium, Magnesium and Sodium. These results have availed the potential nutritional value of locally available cashew apple fruits to food and nutrition security if well promoted for utilization. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher International Journal of Biosciences en_US
dc.subject Cashew apple varieties en_US
dc.subject Physical chemical properties en_US
dc.title Physio-chemical properties of five cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale L.) varieties grown in different regions of Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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