Enhancing knowledge among smallholders on pollinators and supporting field margins for sustainable food security

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dc.contributor.author Elisante, Filemon
dc.contributor.author Ndakidemi, Patrick A.
dc.contributor.author Arnold, Sarah E.J.
dc.contributor.author Belmain, Steven R.
dc.contributor.author Gurr, Geoff M.
dc.contributor.author Darbyshire, Iain
dc.contributor.author Xie, Gang
dc.contributor.author Tumbo, Julie
dc.contributor.author Stevenson, Philip C.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-11T10:33:14Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-11T10:33:14Z
dc.date.issued 2019-08
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.07.004
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.nm-aist.ac.tz/handle/20.500.12479/1110
dc.description This research article published by Elsevier Ltd., 2019 en_US
dc.description.abstract Agro-ecological intensification (AEI) harnesses natural processes, such as pollination, that support sustainable crop production and can buffer against future food security risks. However, the transition from conventional agriculture, which relies on inputs that can damage natural ecosystem processes, to more sustainable food production under AEI, is knowledge-intensive. Here, we investigated knowledge gaps among smallholder farmers about pollinators and field margins in a bean agri-system in Tanzania. While 77% of farmers were familiar with and identified honeybees correctly prior to training, only 52% understood their role as a pollinator of crops. Furthermore, 80% and 98% of farmers were unaware of the significance of wild (solitary) bees or the importance of hoverflies as pollinators. A high level of synthetic agrochemical use was reported for the management of pests and weeds, particularly in the more agriculturally intensive production systems. However, an end-line survey conducted one year after training showed an increase in knowledge and the majority of farmers, 99%, 54% and 62% subsequently recognised honeybees, hoverflies and solitary bees respectively, by name. Furthermore, 95%, 69% and 60% of farmers understood the importance of honeybees, hoverflies and solitary bees respectively, as crop pollinators and natural enemies (for hoverflies). Similarly, a majority of farmers recognised the benefits of biopesticides as environmentally safer over synthetic pesticides as well as the value of field margins in supporting pollinators and other ecosystem services. We argue that, improving understanding among smallholder farmers of ecosystem services and their ecological requirements is both feasible and essential to achieving sustainable intensification in small holder farming systems. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier Ltd. en_US
dc.subject Crop production en_US
dc.subject Ecosystem services en_US
dc.subject Farming practices en_US
dc.subject Field margin plants en_US
dc.title Enhancing knowledge among smallholders on pollinators and supporting field margins for sustainable food security en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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