Creating mosquito-free outdoor spaces using transfuthrin-treated chairs and ribbons

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dc.contributor.author Paliga, John
dc.contributor.author Finda, Marceline
dc.contributor.author Killeen, Gerry F.
dc.contributor.author Ngowo, Halfan S.
dc.contributor.author Pinda, Polius G.
dc.contributor.author Okumu, Fredros O.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-12-21T10:33:25Z
dc.date.available 2020-12-21T10:33:25Z
dc.date.issued 2020-03-10
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1186/s12936-020-03180-1
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.nm-aist.ac.tz/handle/20.500.12479/1066
dc.description This research article published by Springer Nature, 2020 en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: Residents of malaria-endemic communities spend several hours outdoors performing diferent activities, e.g. cooking, story-telling or eating, thereby exposing themselves to potentially-infectious mosquitoes. This compromises efectiveness of indoor interventions, notably long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS). This study characterized common peri-domestic spaces in rural south-eastern Tanzania, and assessed protective efcacy against mosquitoes of hessian fabric mats and ribbons treated with the spatial repellent, transfuthrin, and ftted to chairs and outdoor kitchens, respectively. Methods: Two hundred households were surveyed, and their most-used peri-domestic spaces physically characterized. Protective efcacies of locally-made transfuthrin-emanating chairs and hessian ribbons were tested in outdoor environments of 28 households in dry and wet seasons, using volunteer-occupied exposure-free double net traps. CDC light traps were used to estimate host-seeking mosquito densities within open-structure outdoor kitchens. Fieldcollected Anopheles arabiensis and Anopheles funestus mosquitoes were exposed underneath the chairs to estimate 24 h-mortality. Finally, The World Health Organization insecticide susceptibility tests were conducted on wild-caught Anopheles from the villages. Results: Approximately half (52%) of houses had verandas. Aside from these verandas, most houses also had peridomestic spaces where residents stayed most times (67% of houses with verandas and 94% of non-veranda houses). Two-thirds of these spaces were sited under trees, and only one third (34.4%) were built-up. The outdoor structures were usually makeshift kitchens having roofs and partial walls. Transfuthrin-treated chairs reduced outdoor-biting An. arabiensis densities by 70–85%, while transfuthrin-treated hessian ribbons ftted to the outdoor kitchens caused 77–81% reduction in the general peri-domestic area. Almost all the feld-collected An. arabiensis (99.4%) and An. funestus (100%) exposed under transfuthrin-treated chairs died. The An. arabiensis were susceptible to non-pyrethroids (pirimiphos methyl and bendiocarb), but resistant to pyrethroids commonly used on LLINs (deltamethrin and permethrin). Conclusion: Most houses had actively-used peri-domestic outdoor spaces where exposure to mosquitoes occurred. The transfuthrin-treated chairs and ribbons reduced outdoor-biting malaria vectors in these peri-domestic spaces, and also elicited signifcant mortality among pyrethroid-resistant feld-caught malaria vectors. These two new prototype formats for transfuthrin emanators, if developed further, may constitute new options for complementing LLINs and IRS with outdoor protection against malaria and other mosquito-borne pathogens in areas where peri-domestic human activities are common. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer Nature en_US
dc.subject Peri-domestic spaces en_US
dc.subject Transfuthrin-treated chairs en_US
dc.subject Eave ribbons en_US
dc.subject Transfuthrin en_US
dc.subject Spatial repellents en_US
dc.subject Outdoorbiting en_US
dc.subject Malaria vectors en_US
dc.title Creating mosquito-free outdoor spaces using transfuthrin-treated chairs and ribbons en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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