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Investigation of Rheological Behavior of Untreated and Microwave-Assisted Alkaline Pretreated Sugarcane Straw for Biofuel Production

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dc.contributor.author Karungi, Acheles
dc.contributor.author Pogrebnoi, Alexander M.
dc.contributor.author Kivevele, Thomas
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-09T06:36:54Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-09T06:36:54Z
dc.date.issued 2020-07-05
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-020-01139-6
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.nm-aist.ac.tz/handle/20.500.12479/832
dc.description This research article published by Springer Nature Switzerland AG., 2020 en_US
dc.description.abstract Purpose Biomass slurries, such as those subjected to microwave-assisted alkaline (MAA) pretreatment, will become common substrates for the production of biofuels in the future. While the rheology of acid and ionic liquid pretreated biomass is known, the rheology of alkaline pretreated biomass is not yet reported; hence, the goal of this study was to establish the rheological characteristics of untreated and MAA pretreated sugarcane straw (SC). Methods Using rotational rheometry and rheological models, the rheology of SC slurries was assessed as a function of particle size and insoluble solids concentration. Results In the range of 5–17% insoluble solids concentration, the slurries were consistently pseudo-plastic (n = 0.33 ± 0.02), possessed yield stress with their flow accurately described by the Casson rheological model (R2 = 0.98–0.99). The apparent viscosity and yield stress increased by two orders of magnitude with an increase in insoluble solids concentration. Essentially, MAA pretreated slurries exhibited significantly higher values of apparent viscosity and yield stress than the untreated ones, in the range of 55–80% and 21–63% for particle sizes of < 63 µm (P63) and 90–180 µm (P90), respectively. Pretreated P63 samples exhibited higher apparent viscosity and yield stress than the P90. On the other hand, for untreated samples, P63 samples had a reduced apparent viscosity than P90 samples. Conclusion The results of this study definitively reveal that MAA significantly increases the shear rate dependent shear viscosity values along with the yield stress of biomass slurries. This will, therefore, serve as a benchmark for characterizing other MAA pretreated biomass slurries to guide the design of industrial-scale production equipment. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer Nature Switzerland AG. en_US
dc.subject Sugarcane straw en_US
dc.subject Microwave-assisted alkaline pretreatment en_US
dc.title Investigation of Rheological Behavior of Untreated and Microwave-Assisted Alkaline Pretreated Sugarcane Straw for Biofuel Production en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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