A Review on Development of GIS and m-Health Based Patient Registration System to Enhance Support for Epidemiological Analysis: A Case Study of Tanzania Hospitals
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Over the past decades, there has been great advances in ICTs, which has led to the evolution and deployment of mobile phone application technology and GIS in the health sector. Despite of the expanded use of advanced ICT in the health sector, there is still ineffective data collection and presentation of patient and general health data in Tanzanian HIS. This paper shows different proposed and used GIS and mobile applications in perfecting HIS systems. It further proposes the best way on how these technologies can be used to provide effective data collection and presentation. Based on the discussions, a module is proposed to be integrated into the HIS. The ultimate goal of this paper is to improve collection and presentation of health/patient data, in order to enable enhancement of epidemiological analysis.