The neurochemistry and social flow of singing: bonding and oxytocin.

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dc.contributor.author Keeler, Jason R
dc.contributor.author Roth, Edward A
dc.contributor.author Neuser, Brittany L
dc.contributor.author Spitsbergen, John M
dc.contributor.author Waters, Daniel J M
dc.contributor.author Vianney, John-Mary
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-12T06:26:19Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-12T06:26:19Z
dc.date.issued 2015-09-23
dc.identifier.other 26441614
dc.identifier.uri doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00518
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.nm-aist.ac.tz/handle/123456789/549
dc.description This article published by Frontiers in human neuroscience September 2015| Volume9| Article 518 en_US
dc.description.abstract Music is used in healthcare to promote physical and psychological well-being. As clinical applications of music continue to expand, there is a growing need to understand the biological mechanisms by which music influences health. Here we explore the neurochemistry and social flow of group singing. Four participants from a vocal jazz ensemble were conveniently sampled to sing together in two separate performances: pre-composed and improvised. Concentrations of plasma oxytocin and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) were measured before and after each singing condition to assess levels of social affiliation, engagement and arousal. A validated assessment of flow state was administered after each singing condition to assess participants' absorption in the task. The feasibility of the research methods were assessed and initial neurochemical data was generated on group singing. Mean scores of the flow state scale indicated that participants experienced flow in both the pre-composed (M = 37.06) and improvised singing conditions (M = 34.25), with no significant difference between conditions. ACTH concentrations decreased in both conditions, significantly so in the pre-composed singing condition, which may have contributed to the social flow experience. Mean plasma oxytocin levels increased only in response to improvised singing, with no significant difference between improvised and pre-composed singing conditions observed. The results indicate that group singing reduces stress and arousal, as measured by ACTH, and induces social flow in participants. The effects of pre-composed and improvised group singing on oxytocin are less clear. Higher levels of plasma oxytocin in the improvised condition may perhaps be attributed to the social effects of improvising musically with others. Further research with a larger sample size is warranted. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Frontiers in Human Neuroscience en_US
dc.subject ACTH en_US
dc.subject bonding en_US
dc.subject improvisation en_US
dc.subject music en_US
dc.subject oxytocin en_US
dc.subject singing en_US
dc.subject social flow en_US
dc.subject trust en_US
dc.title The neurochemistry and social flow of singing: bonding and oxytocin. en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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