Microbial Diversity in Bushmeat Samples Recovered from the Serengeti Ecosystem in Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Katani, Robab
dc.contributor.author Schilling, Megan A.
dc.contributor.author Lyimo, Beatus M.
dc.contributor.author Tonui, Triza
dc.contributor.author Cattadori, Isabella M.
dc.contributor.author Eblate, Ernest
dc.contributor.author Martin, Andimile
dc.contributor.author Estes, Anna B.
dc.contributor.author Buza, Teresia M.
dc.contributor.author Rentsch, Dennis
dc.contributor.author Davenport, Karen W.
dc.contributor.author Hovde, Blake T.
dc.contributor.author Lyimo, Samson
dc.contributor.author Munuo, Lydia
dc.contributor.author Stomeo, Francesca
dc.contributor.author Tiambo, Christian
dc.contributor.author Radzio-Basu, Jessica
dc.contributor.author Mosha, Fausta
dc.contributor.author Hudson, Peter J.
dc.contributor.author Buza, Joram
dc.contributor.author Kapur, Vivek
dc.date.accessioned 2019-12-10T08:14:55Z
dc.date.available 2019-12-10T08:14:55Z
dc.date.issued 2019-12-02
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-53969-7
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.nm-aist.ac.tz/handle/123456789/520
dc.description Research Article published by Scientific Reports en_US
dc.description.abstract Bushmeat, the meat and organs derived from wildlife species, is a common source of animal protein in the diets of those living in sub-Saharan Africa and is frequently associated with zoonotic spillover of dangerous pathogens. Given the frequent consumption of bushmeat in this region and the lack of knowledge about the microbial communities associated with this meat, the microbiome of 56 fresh and processed bushmeat samples ascertained from three districts in the Western Serengeti ecosystem in Tanzania was characterized using 16S rRNA metagenomic sequencing. The results show that the most abundant phyla present in bushmeat samples include Firmicutes (67.8%), Proteobacteria (18.4%), Cyanobacteria (8.9%), and Bacteroidetes (3.1%). Regardless of wildlife species, sample condition, season, or region, the microbiome is diverse across all samples, with no significant difference in alpha or beta diversity. The findings also suggest the presence of DNA signatures of potentially dangerous zoonotic pathogens, including those from the genus Bacillus, Brucella, Coxiella, and others, in bushmeat. Together, this investigation provides a better understanding of the microbiome associated with this major food source in samples collected from the Western Serengeti in Tanzania and highlights a need for future investigations on the potential health risks associated with the harvesting, trade, and consumption of bushmeat in Sub-Saharan Africa en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Scientific Reports en_US
dc.title Microbial Diversity in Bushmeat Samples Recovered from the Serengeti Ecosystem in Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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