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Plant biomasses for defluoridation appropriateness : unlocking their potentials

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dc.contributor.author Mwakabona, Hezron T.
dc.contributor.author Said, Mateso
dc.contributor.author Machunda, Revocatus L.
dc.contributor.author Njau, Karoli N.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-04T09:18:44Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-04T09:18:44Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.issn 2276-8467
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.nm-aist.ac.tz/handle/123456789/349
dc.description Research Article published by Research Journal in Engineering and Applied Sciences en_US
dc.description.abstract Fluoride and fluorosis are endemic to many countries including Tanzania. Performances of different materials for use in water defluoridation systems have been reported. Some of these materials are; alum, oxides and hydroxide of metals, activated carbon, bone char and plant biomasses. This paper reviews and discusses the performances of selected defluoridation materials such as alum in Nalgonda technique, the oxides and hydroxides of metals (inorganic adsorbents) in ion exchange/adsorption, activated carbon, bone char and plant biomasses in ion exchange/adsorption. More discussion is on the strengths and limitations of these materials in removing fluoride from water. Furthermore, it describes a new approach that will likely enhance the fluoride removal capacity when plant biomasses are used, which involves special arrangement of different plant biomasses in a column. This promises to be of low cost and high performance and thus suitable for both urban and rural communities in developing countries. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Research Journal in Engineering and Applied Sciences en_US
dc.subject bone char and plant biomas en_US
dc.subject activated carbon en_US
dc.subject defluoridation en_US
dc.title Plant biomasses for defluoridation appropriateness : unlocking their potentials en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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