Efficacy of Different Doses of Multiple Micronutrient Powder on Haemoglobin Concentration in Children Aged 6–59 Months in Arusha District

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dc.contributor.author Kejo, Dyness
dc.contributor.author Petrucka, Pammla
dc.contributor.author Martin, Haikael
dc.contributor.author Mosha, Theobald C. E.
dc.contributor.author Kimanya, Martin E
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-03T18:14:29Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-03T18:14:29Z
dc.date.issued 2019-02-03
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/8979456
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.nm-aist.ac.tz/handle/123456789/337
dc.description Research Article published by Hindawi Scientifica en_US
dc.description.abstract In Tanzania’s Arusha District, anaemia is a significant public health problem. Recently, home fortification with multiple micronutrient powder was recommended, and daily use of one sachet has shown to be effective. However, it is a challenge for deprived families with low income to afford the daily sachet. aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of different administration frequencies of micronutrient powder in reducing anaemia in children aged 6–59 months. Is research used a community-based, randomized longitudinal trial design with the intent to treat anaemia. Children aged 6 to 59 months (n = 369) were randomly assigned to one of four intervention groups which received, on a weekly basis, either five sachets (n=60), three sachets (n=80), two sachets (n = 105), or one sachet (n = 124) for six months; 310 children completed the study. Using the Hemo Cue technique, a finger-prick blood was taken at baseline, middle, and end points of the intervention to determine haemoglobin levels. The effect of treatment on haemoglobin was assessed with analysis of covariates with Bonferroni post hoc to test group difference (p > 0.05) from each other. At the end, haemoglobin levels were significantly higher in participants who received three or five sachets of micronutrient powder per week compared to those who received one or two micronutrient powder sachets per week (p < 0.05). The prevalence of illnesses was reduced from 65% to 30.5% in all groups. This finding indicates that economically challenged families may opt for three times per week sachet administration rather than a more costly daily administration. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Hindawi Scientifica en_US
dc.subject Research Subject Categories::NATURAL SCIENCES en_US
dc.title Efficacy of Different Doses of Multiple Micronutrient Powder on Haemoglobin Concentration in Children Aged 6–59 Months in Arusha District en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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