xmlui.dri2xhtml.structural.head-subtitle

Forage Growth, Yield and Nutritional Characteristics of Four Varieties of Napier Grass (Pennisetum Purpureum Schumach) in the West Usambara Highlands, Tanzania

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Maleko, David
dc.contributor.author Mwilawa, Angello
dc.contributor.author Msalya, George
dc.contributor.author Pasape, Liliane
dc.contributor.author Mtei, Kelvin
dc.date.accessioned 2019-11-01T06:19:02Z
dc.date.available 2019-11-01T06:19:02Z
dc.date.issued 2019-10-28
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sciaf.2019.e00214
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.nm-aist.ac.tz/handle/123456789/512
dc.description Research Article published by Elsevier en_US
dc.description.abstract Abstract Low pasture biomass production and dry seasons fodder scarcity are among the major challenges affecting productivity of dairy cattle in Tanzania. Field experiments were set to evaluate growth, biomass yields and nutritional contents of four napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach) varieties as feed for ruminants. Experimental napier varieties included Ouma, Kakamega 2 (KK2), Bana and local napier (LN). The study was conducted in the Western Usambara highlands (WUHs) in Tanzania between December 2016 and April 2017 (110 days). The results indicated that the varietal mean stem heights differed significantly (P<0.001); whereby LN, Ouma, KK2 and Bana had mean heights of 210.81, 185.72, 177.15 and 145.44 cm respectively. There was a significant difference (P=0.025) in the mean total forage biomass production in which KK2, LN, Ouma and Bana yielded 16551, 14035, 12868 and 8954 kg dry matter/ha respectively. The crude protein content averaged 9.92% and did not differ significantly across the varieties (P=0.83). The mean metabolizable energy was 7.94 MJ/kg dry matter and did not differ significantly across the varieties (P=0.11). The in vitro organic matter digestibility differed significantly (P=0.03); 65.87, 59.22, 58.33 and 55.41% for Ouma, Bana, KK2 and LN respectively. This study demonstrates that Ouma and KK2 can be established in the WUHs for forage use due to higher biomass production. Further studies on ensiling and animal feeding would provide valuable information for optimizing forage conservation and animal performance in the WUHs and elsewhere with similar conditions. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject Napier grass en_US
dc.subject Forage yield en_US
dc.subject Forage quality en_US
dc.subject Kakamega 2 en_US
dc.title Forage Growth, Yield and Nutritional Characteristics of Four Varieties of Napier Grass (Pennisetum Purpureum Schumach) in the West Usambara Highlands, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search Our NM-AIST IR


Browse NM-AIST IR

My NM-AIST IR Account

Statistics