Molecular detection and genetic characterization of Bartonella species from rodents and their associated ectoparasites from northern Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Theonest, Ndyetabura O.
dc.contributor.author Carter, Ryan W.
dc.contributor.author Amani, Nelson
dc.contributor.author Doherty, Siaˆn L.
dc.contributor.author Hugho, Ephrasia
dc.contributor.author Keyyu, Julius D.
dc.contributor.author Mable, Barbara K.
dc.contributor.author Shirima, Gabriel M.
dc.contributor.author Tarimo, Rigobert
dc.contributor.author Thomas, Kate M.
dc.contributor.author Haydon, Daniel T.
dc.contributor.author Buza, Joram J.
dc.contributor.author Allan, Kathryn J.
dc.contributor.author Halliday, Jo E. B.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-21T11:35:35Z
dc.date.available 2019-10-21T11:35:35Z
dc.date.issued 2019-10-15
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0223667
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.nm-aist.ac.tz/handle/123456789/511
dc.description Research Article published by PLOS ONE en_US
dc.description.abstract Background Bartonellae are intracellular bacteria, which can cause persistent bacteraemia in humans and a variety of animals. Several rodent-associated Bartonella species are human pathogens but data on their global distribution and epidemiology are limited. The aims of the study were to: 1) determine the prevalence of Bartonella infection in rodents and fleas; 2) identify risk factors for Bartonella infection in rodents; and 3) characterize the Bartonella genotypes present in these rodent and flea populations. Methods and results Spleen samples collected from 381 rodents representing six different species were tested for the presence of Bartonella DNA, which was detected in 57 individuals (15.0%; 95% CI 11.3–18.5), of three rodent species (Rattus rattus n = 54, Mastomys natalensis n = 2 and Paraxerus flavovottis n = 1) using a qPCR targeting the ssrA gene. Considering R. rattus individuals only, risk factor analysis indicated that Bartonella infection was more likely in reproductively mature as compared to immature individuals (OR = 3.42, p <0.001). Bartonella DNA was also detected in 53 of 193 Xenopsylla cheopis fleas (27.5%: 95% CI 21.3– 34.3) collected from R.rattus individuals. Analysis of ssrA and gltA sequences from rodent spleens and ssrA sequences from fleas identified multiple genotypes closely related (� 97% similar) to several known or suspected zoonotic Bartonella species, including B. tribocorum, B. rochalimae, B. elizabethae and B. quintana. Conclusions The ssrA and gltA sequences obtained from rodent spleens and ssrA sequences obtained from fleas reveal the presence of a diverse set of Bartonella genotypes and increase our understanding of the bartonellae present in Tanzanian. Further studies are needed to fully characterise the prevalence, genotypes and diversity of Bartonella in different host populations and their potential impacts on human health. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher PLOS ONE en_US
dc.title Molecular detection and genetic characterization of Bartonella species from rodents and their associated ectoparasites from northern Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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