Wild Vigna Legumes: Farmers’ Perceptions, Preferences, and Prospective Uses for Human Exploitation

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dc.contributor.author Harouna, Difo Voukang
dc.contributor.author Venkataramana, Pavithravani B.
dc.contributor.author Matemu, Athanasia O.
dc.contributor.author Ndakidemi, Patrick A.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-25T07:23:14Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-25T07:23:14Z
dc.date.issued 2019-05-31
dc.identifier.issn 2073-4395
dc.identifier.uri doi:10.3390/agronomy9060284
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.nm-aist.ac.tz/handle/123456789/378
dc.description Research Article published by MDPI Volume 9. Issue 6 | June 2019 en_US
dc.description.abstract The insu cient food supply due to low agricultural productivity and quality standards is one of the major modern challenges of global agricultural food production. Advances in conventional breeding and crop domestication have begun to mitigate this issue by increasing varieties and generation of stress-resistant traits. Yet, very few species of legumes have been domesticated and perceived as usable food/feed material, while various wild species remain unknown and underexploited despite the critical global food demand. Besides the existence of a few domesticated species, there is a bottleneck challenge of product acceptability by both farmers and consumers. Therefore, this paper explores farmers’ perceptions, preferences, and the possible utilization of some wild Vigna species of legumes toward their domestication and exploitation. Quantitative and qualitative surveys were conducted in a mid-altitude agro-ecological zone (Arusha region) and a high altitude agro-ecological zone (Kilimanjaro region) in Tanzania to obtain the opinions of 150 farmers regarding wild legumes and their uses. The study showed that very few farmers in the Arusha (28%) and Kilimanjaro (26%) regions were aware of wild legumes and their uses. The study further revealed through binary logistic regression analysis that the prior knowledge of wild legumes depended mainly on farmers’ location and not on their gender, age groups, education level, or farming experience. From the experimental plot with 160 accessions of wild Vigna legumes planted and grown up to near complete maturity, 74 accessions of wild Vigna legumes attracted the interest of farmers who proposed various uses for each wild accession. A X2 test (likelihood ratio test) revealed that the selection of preferred accessions depended on the farmers’ gender, location, and farming experience. Based on their morphological characteristics (leaves, pods, seeds, and general appearance), farmers perceived wild Vigna legumes as potentially useful resources that need the attention of researchers. Specifically, wild Vigna legumes were perceived as human food, animal feed, medicinal plants, soil enrichment material, and soil erosion-preventing materials. Therefore, it is necessary for the scientific community to consider these lines of farmers’ suggestions before carrying out further research on agronomic and nutritional characteristics toward the domestication of these alien species for human exploitation and decision settings. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher MDPI en_US
dc.subject non-domesticated legumes en_US
dc.subject Vigna racemosa en_US
dc.subject Vigna ambacensis en_US
dc.subject Vigna reticulata en_US
dc.subject Vigna vexillata en_US
dc.subject wild food legumes en_US
dc.title Wild Vigna Legumes: Farmers’ Perceptions, Preferences, and Prospective Uses for Human Exploitation en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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