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Potentials of agric wastes activated carbons for water softening

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dc.contributor.author Rolence, Cecilia
dc.contributor.author Machunda, Revocatus L.
dc.contributor.author Njau, Karoli N.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-04T09:35:48Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-04T09:35:48Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.issn 2276-8467
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.nm-aist.ac.tz/handle/123456789/351
dc.description Research Article published by Research Journal in Engineering and Applied Sciences en_US
dc.description.abstract Various studies have been conducted to address softening of hard water. Ion exchange, electro-based techniques, membrane filtration and adsorption are the most reported techniques in softening hard water. In the present work, performances of these techniques are reviewed and discussed. Likewise, adsorbents that have so far been used in water softening, their efficiencies and drawbacks have been reported. Best adsorbent has been proposed based on optimum pH and local availability. In addition to the review of existing work on hardness removal, we have performed some preliminary experiments to study the performance of adsorbents, namely coconut and cashewnut shell activated carbons. The results are presented in here and it was found that, both adsorbents perform better in water softening but cashewnut shell activated carbon performs the best. These adsorbents are cheaply and locally available, which makes their integration into the softening systems low cost and highly performing owing to their chemical contents and subsequent activations. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Research Journal in Engineering and Applied Sciences en_US
dc.subject Hardness Removal en_US
dc.subject Coconut Shell Activated Carbon en_US
dc.subject Cashewnut Shell Activated Carbon en_US
dc.title Potentials of agric wastes activated carbons for water softening en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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