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Agrochemicals use in horticulture industry in Tanzania and their potential impact to water resources

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dc.contributor.author Lema, Emmy
dc.contributor.author Machunda, Revocatus L.
dc.contributor.author Njau, Karoli N.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-04T07:54:37Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-04T07:54:37Z
dc.date.issued 2014-04
dc.identifier.issn 1997-342X
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ijbcs.v8i2.38
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.nm-aist.ac.tz/handle/123456789/344
dc.description Research Articles published by the International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences en_US
dc.description.abstract The objective of this review was to analyze the existing information on the use of agrochemicals (Fertilizers and Pesticides) in the Tanzanian horticulture industry especially the Northern regions and their potential to impacting water resources. Agrochemicals play an important role in horticulture, and have been widely used in Tanzania for crop protection and increasing productivity. Apart from these benefits, agrochemicals have the potential to impair the quality of water resources for different end uses. Majority of communities in Tanzania depend on surface water from rivers and lakes for potable uses such as washing, drinking and domestic animals also drink from these sources. Reports from studies done in Northern Tanzania have indicated the presence of significant levels of pesticides, phosphates and nitrates in surface and groundwater. It is apparent that most of the horticultural farms in Northern Tanzania are located on gently sloping land adjacent to water bodies. Thus discharges of wastewaters from horticulture farms may affect the quality of water resources through run-off and groundwater through infiltration if proper management of the agrochemicals is not well adhered to. The agrochemicals that have been widely used and identified as potential environmental pollutants from their use as horticultural chemicals are reviewed. The potentially adverse impacts of these agrochemicals to water resources are discussed. The review concludes with a discussion of the directions for further investigation. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences en_US
dc.subject wastewater en_US
dc.title Agrochemicals use in horticulture industry in Tanzania and their potential impact to water resources en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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