Type 2 Diabetes Prevalence and Risk Factors of Urban Maasai in Arusha Municipality and Rural Maasai in Ngorongoro Crater

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dc.contributor.author Masaki, Stanley
dc.contributor.author Ngoye, Abu
dc.contributor.author Petrucka, Pammla
dc.contributor.author Buza, Joram
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-24T11:38:14Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-24T11:38:14Z
dc.date.issued 2015-09-12
dc.identifier.issn 2394-1103
dc.identifier.uri DOI: 10.9734/JALSI/2015/20174
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.nm-aist.ac.tz/handle/123456789/208
dc.description Research Article published by Journal of Applied Life Sciences International en_US
dc.description.abstract Aim: The study explored potential impacts of migration on Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) prevalence and risk factors across Maasai ethnic communities living traditional rural lifestyles and those living in an urban environment. Method: A cross-sectional investigation of 724 adult Tanzanian Maasai participants was conducted. Anthropometric measures (i.e., body mass index; waist-hip ratio; blood glucose, serum lipids) plus lifestyle (i.e., diet/alcohol/tobacco consumption) and physical activity patterns were assessed. Results: Prevalence of T2D was 22.9% (n=80) in urban and 9.9% (n=37) in rural settings. Urban T2D was significantly (<0.05) positively correlated with known obesity marks, lifestyle risk factors, systolic blood pressure, and age. In terms of BMI, urban respondents were more likely to be overweight (p<0.001) than their rural counterparts. As well, urban respondents ate more meals per day (p<0.001) and consumed more alcohol (p<0.001). Of note, the increase in urban prevalence related to age is significantly (p<0.05) more pronounced in males than females. In rural settings, increased FBS was significantly negatively correlated with age, and and significantly (p<0.05) positively correlated with obesity markers, with 46% being assessed by BMI as underweight. The activity levels, assessed by distances walked, had rural Maasai with significantly greater distances (P<0.0001). Conclusion: The study demonstrated an increase in T2D for those Maasai adopting more sedentary urban life styles. As a result, it is important for health programs to recognize the impacts of lifestyle changes in contributing to increasing prevalence in non-communicable diseases such as T2D. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Journal of Applied Life Sciences International en_US
dc.subject type 2 diabetes (T2D) en_US
dc.subject rural to urban migration en_US
dc.subject T2D risk factors en_US
dc.title Type 2 Diabetes Prevalence and Risk Factors of Urban Maasai in Arusha Municipality and Rural Maasai in Ngorongoro Crater en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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